Whenever possible, BBA relies on existing constitutional provisions to enforce the fundamental rights of children. To this end, BBA has filed a number of Public Interest Litigations (PIL) over the last few decades. Where we have found gaps in legislation or felt the need for new laws, BBA has pleaded for their adoption.


Legal actions

BBA has initiated the first comprehensive research on missing children, titled ‘Missing Children of India’, finding that every hour, eight children go missing. Following the research, BBA filed a writ petition in Supreme Court, which led to a landmark judgment on 10th May 2013.

In the  “Save the Childhood Foundation vs. Union of India and Others” - Case, the Delhi High Court passed a judgment on 15th July, 2009, in which the court ordered the complete ban on child labour.

On 18th of April 2011, BBA filed another writ petition, which led the Supreme Court adopt BBA’s definition of trafficking. The petition also triggered the ratification of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and its three protocols in 2011.



BBA pioneered the first consulted effort in the country on the issue of missing children and its linkages with trafficking. The research established that every six minutes a child goes missing in India and over a 100 000 children go missing in the country each year. The research paved the way for a petition before the Supreme Court of India and was followed by a landmark direction on the issue of missing children.

BBA has also engaged in research revealing the economic costs of child labour for India. The study Capital Corruption found that child labour resulted in a black money pool of Rs. 120,000 crores, which is a huge loss to the Indian economy.

On 1st April, 2010, the adoption of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act marked a milestone in BBA’s fight for education as a fundamental right. Six months after its adoption, BBA conducted a campaign called ‘Public Hearings on Education’ in 42 districts of nine states. The goal was to measure the level of public awareness in regard to the new law and to find out to what extent its provisions have been implemented. The findings of this campaign gave voice to people's awareness and opinion on RTE and the access of the various provisions that the RTE intends to provide. Read more

A year after the implementation of the RTE Act, BBA conducted another study in 251 schools across nine states to investigate to what extent the act has led to changes within schools. Read more

BBA has played a pivotal role in formulation of several laws for protection of child rights through its inputs based on years of work with children in bonded and forced labour. BBA has also been credited for filing several PILs and petitions which led to landmark judgement ensuring easy access to justice for victims of child exploitation which can be viewed here